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Our veins are blood vessels sent by the arteries to feed the tissues and organs, losing their oxygen and returning to the heart. There are two veins in the leg, deep and superficial, and the most important feature of these veins is that they have valves that prevent the escape of the blood. The response to exercise differs in these people.
When we stand up from a lying position in physiological conditions, the ankle pressure increases every second and rises up to 130mmHg. In healthy individuals, this height decreases with each step and drops to 15-20mmHg. However, this decrease is 30-50% less in people with venous insufficiency. This dream and exercise performance is closely related to the degree of disruption in the veins.
People who work or travel for a long period of time develop weakness in the muscles of the knee and problems in deep veins due to this. Sometimes, due to long-term immobility, the pumping effect of the muscles will disappear, increasing the tendency to clot formation by pouring blood in deep veins. For this reason, people who live in this style should walk, even at short distances and ankle movements during work or travel. They should also do sports such as brisk walking, cycling and swimming to strengthen the leg muscles that act as pumps around deep veins in their spare time.
The preference of high-heeled shoes for women in the business life during the day also disrupts the work of these muscle pumps, causing payment in the legs. Therefore, high heels over 3 cm should not be used.
While there is no effective treatment method for deep venous insufficiency, it will be beneficial to treat superficial deficiencies with many methods such as laser, adhesive, and surgery.
During exercise, the oxygen requirement of the leg muscles and leg blood flow increases. Accordingly, both the artery and vein tend to expand. If our veins are healthy, it will not be a problem, but if the valves in the vein are damaged, blood will be released in the leg. Lactic acid production increases more if there is a defect in veins in people engaged in competitive sports. Accordingly, fatigue, weakness and cramping develop in a shorter time. Therefore, sports performance is significantly lower than those with normal balls. Professional athletes in this style must be evaluated and treated for venous insufficiency.