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What is the varicose vein?

Blood flows through veins from the leg to the heart in one direction with the effect of the muscles during walking. Due to the structural defect in the valves, blood escapes and creates high pressure. Twisted blue dilatations occur in veins associated with this.

What are varicose types?

Varicose veins are divided into three according to their diameter.

1) Telangiectasia

2) Reticular varicose veins

3) Truncal varicose veins (Wide varicose veins)

Şekil 1. Figure 1. Types of varicose veins


  • It is superficially located in the dermis layer.
  • It is not palpated and gives purple or light red color to the skin on it.

Reticular Varicose veins

  • Deeply located in the dermis
  • Diameters <4 mm
  • Not palpable
  • They give dark blue color to the skin on it.

Trunkal Varicose veins

  • Usually> 4 mm in diameter
  • Subcutaneous settlement
  • Palpable
  • They do not change the color of the skin on it

What is the frequency of Varicose veins?

Varicose veins is one of the most important health problems seen in the society; It affects an average of 30% of women and 25% of men. Varicose veins have been one of the major health problems since very old years. In Figure 1 BC In the relief of 400 years, the doctor trying to treat varicose veins is depicted.

What are the risk factors in the development of varicose veins?

Leakage in these valves; It can develop depending on reasons such as genetics, lifestyle, pregnancy, obesity.

While structural disorders develop in the tissue of the valve due to genetic and hormonal reasons, there is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure due to obesity and weakness of the muscles around the vessels.

Also, depending on the lifestyle, people in the profession group, who require standing for a long time, have blood in the leg, the veins expand, and the valves cause the blood to leak more. This vicious circle results in varicose veins.

What are the complaints due to varicose veins?

Varicose veins cause problems such as pain, swelling, cramping and intravascular coagulation as well as cosmotic problems. The quality of life of people who are dependent on varicose veins decreases. It causes intolerance especially during standing.


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